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2012-02-11 20:27:29|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Myth 1: America Is A Democracy 谣言1:美国是个民主国家

Myth 2: The Founding Fathers Were Christian谣言2:美国是由一群基督徒建立的

Myth 3: Thanksgiving谣言3:关于感恩节

Myth 4: The Native Americans were Savages谣言4:原始印第安人都是野蛮人

Myth 5: It's A Free Country谣言5:这是个自由的国度

Myth 6: The Federal Reserve Is U.S. Owned & Operated谣言6:美联储是由美国掌控的

Myth 7: The Bushes Are Texan谣言7:布什家族是得克萨斯人

Myth 1: America Is A Democracy


In the current age, America and democracy are synonymous. Little do most Americans know they don't actually live in a democracy. America was actually founded as a Constitutional Republic, as stated in the Constitution and the Pledge of Allegiance. In an Economist ranking of the world's democratic countries in 2006, America didn't even crack the top 10.


Myth 2: The Founding Fathers Were Christian


This is both true and false. A large number of the Founding Fathers were associated with various sects of the Christian church, like Protestantism and Lutheranism. However, many still openly opposed organized religion. Thomas Jefferson practiced Deism, which contends that reason and observation of the natural world are enough to determine the universe has a creator without the need for organized religion.

这句话半对半错。美国的开国者之中有一大批从属于基督教会的不同分支,如新教、路德教。然而,也有很多人公然反对有组织的宗教。Thomas Jefferson就信奉自然神教,该教的主张是:自然世界的推理和观察足以说明世界存在着创始者,并不需要通过组织教会来证明这一点。

Myth 3: Thanksgiving


While it's true that the occasion we now know as Thanksgiving first occurred between Pilgrims and nearby Indians, it originally was three days long and served to salute the annual harvest. (Imagine our modern version of stuffing and turkeys for three days.) For the Pilgrims, Thanksgiving was intended to be a religious holiday of fasting and prayer, but only turned to a feast after the rains came during one such period in 1623.


Myth 4: The Native Americans were Savages


Hollywood has certainly popularized the image of brutes dressed in feathers and buffalo leather, aiming to harm a good-ole tobacco spitting cowboy, but the truth of the matter is a bit more complex.


In the book "A People's History of the United States," author Howard Zinn quotes Christopher Columbus's first impressions of the Indians, saying "They do not bear arms, and do not know them, for I showed them a sword, they took it by the edge and cut themselves out of ignorance. They have no iron. Their spears are made of cane.... They would make fine servants.... With fifty men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want."

在《美国人民的历史》一书中,作者Howard Zinn引用了哥伦布登上美洲大陆后对印第安人的第一印象,他是这么说的:他们没有武器,也不知何为武器——我把剑拿给他们看,他们居然用手去抓剑刃,把自己给弄伤了。他们没有铁器。他们的矛是用藤条做的...他们可以做不错的仆人...我们五十个人就能彻底征服他们,想让他们做什么就做什么。

Myth 5: It's A Free Country


There is a general belief that we can walk anywhere, rest anywhere or do whatever we need to do to survive. Tell that to the homeless. Although courts struck down laws against vagrancy years ago, sleeping on the streets or in public parks is still illegal, as is hitchhiking, panhandling and other "freebies" broke people need to survive.


And there are countless laws and ordinances designed to give police officers probable cause to violate our freedoms. In June 2011, a woman in Rochester, New York was arrested simply for filming a traffic stop from her front lawn, proving that we aren't free — even if we stay in our yards.


Myth 6: The Federal Reserve Is U.S. Owned & Operated


The Fed conducts the nation's monetary policy, but faces no regulation from the government aside from the appointment of its President and Board of Governors. Otherwise, the central bank can do what it pleases.


Recent proof comes direct from former Chairman Alan Greenspan, who stated point blank that the U.S. Government cannot do anything to influence the Fed's policy. And, more recently, according to Bloomberg News, the bank refused "to disclose the recipients of more than $2 trillion of emergency loans from [the bailout] and the assets the central bank is accepting as collateral."


Myth 7: The Bushes Are Texan


Despite deep ties to the Texas oil business, including failed ventures from G.W., the roots of the Bush family are about as Texan as, say, Connecticut. The Bush's are a northeast elite banking family, whose lineage extends back to the British crown. W's grandfather Prescott Bush was a member of Yale's elite Skull and Bones secret society, as were Bush, Sr. and W. himself. Prescott went on to unfathomable Wall Street riches and infamy, after he was tried and charged with money laundering for the Nazis during WWII.


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